Sulaymānīyah province (Arabic:
„Õ«›Ŕ… «Š”ŠŪ„«šŪ…, (Kurdish: SilÍmanÓ) is a province of Iraq,
within the Iraqi Kurdistan Region. Its capital is a city of the same
name, As Sulaymaniyah. surrounded
by the mountains
As part of the Iraq war, the province was occupied by US led coalition
forces. On May 30, 2007, Sulaymānīyah was handed over to local
Kurdish authorities by Coalition forces as part of a three province
Sulaymānīyah City and district (9)
ģ Chamchamal (65): Chamchamal (Kurdish: Chemchemal) is a Kurdish city located to the east of Kirkuk and west of Suleimania in Iraqi Kurdistan.
ģ Kelar (75): Kelar or Kal‚r is a town in Iraqi Kurdistan located on Sirwan (Diyala) river, and to the east of Kifri and to the west of Qasri Shirin and Sarpol Zahab in Kermanshah province in western Iran. Part of the twin towns of Smud-Kelar, Smud was renamed Rizgari after the 1991 Kurdish uprising against the Ba'ath party. The neighborhood of Smud was a relocation camp for Kurdish people under Saddam's regime.
The University of Kelar, a satellite campus of University of Sulaymaniyah, majors in agriculture.
Sherwana Castle, on the Sirwan river was built in the 1800s. It now serves as a museum of the artifacts uncovered from the mound it stands on.
ģ Darbandikhan (68)
ģ Halabja (73): Halabja (Kurdish:ŚŚĚڵŚĚ»ŐŚ or HelepÁe), is an Iraqi town in a majority Kurdish area of Iraq about 150 miles (240 km) northeast of Baghdad and 8-10 miles from the Iranian border.
The town lies at the base of what is often refereed to as the greater Hewraman region stretching across the Iran-Iraq border. Kurds in the city of Halabja generally speak only Sorani dialect, but some of the surrounding villages speak Hawrami dialect. The dialects are 2 different dialects in Kurdish language.
ģ Penjwin (84)
ģ Sharbazher (90): Sharbazher is a district in Sulaymaniyah Governorate in northeastern Iraq. It refers to the lands north of Sulaymaniyah or the lands behind the goyzha mountain.
ģ Dokan (7)
ģ Rania (87): Ranye (Ra:nya) is a town located in Iraqi Kurdistan, 130 km to the northeast of Sulaymaniyah. Regarding administrative degree it is considered as a district in As Sulaymaniyah Governorate. The district of Ranye has three towns; Çiwarqurne, BÍtwate and HacÓ awa. It is the centre of BÓtwÍn and RaperÓn area.
ģ Pshdar (85)
Governor: Dana Ahmed Majeed
Deputy Governor: Delawar Ahmed Majeed
Provincial Council Chairman (PCC): Kawa Abdallah
Is the largest lake in Kurdistan Region which lies in northeastern Iraq. The lake is close to the city of Ranye. It's man made water reservoir by dam with hydro-power station. Dokan and Derbandikhan, with a capacity of 400 MW and 249 MW respectively, are the two largest power stations in the Kurdistan, and are connected to the national power grid.
Each is part of a multipurpose scheme for power production and irrigation at each of the locations, the Dokan Dam is located on the Lesser Zab River, approximately 220 km upstream from its confluence with the Tigris River. The site is located adjacent to the town of Dokan. As for the Derbandikhan Dam, it is located on the Diyala River, immediately upstream of the town of Derbandikhan. It is approximately 150 km upstream of the Hemren Dam. The site is approximately 285 km northeast of Baghdad and 65 km southeast of Sulaymaniyah City. It is also within 15 km of Iran to the southeast
Dukan Dam (Kurdish: dukan), (Arabic: ŌśŖ«šż) is located on Lesser Zab River approximately 220 km upstream from its confluence with the Tigris River. The site is located adjacent to the town of Dukan at the north of As Sulaymaniyah Governorate, Iraq. Dokan Power Station became fully operational in 1979. Repair and maintenance have been substandard because of unavailability of spares and equipment. These factors have contributed to long outages and unreliable performance. Moreover, due to the long operational period (29 years) the power plant is now due for rehabilitation.
Sulaymaniyah Province Information:
Sulaymaniyah's location inside Iraq
Sulaymaniyah (BGN: Kurdish: ”Šێ„«šی, SlÍmanÓ, As Sulaymānīyah; Arabic: «Š”ŠŪ„«šŪ…) is a city in the east of Iraqi Kurdistan. It is situated in the northeast of Iraq, and is the capital of Sulaymaniyah Governorate. It served as the historic capital of the Kurdish principality of Baban from 1784 to 1850.
The modern city of Suleimania was founded in 1784 by a Kurdish prince known as Ibrahim Pasha Baban who named it for his father Sulaiman Pasha. Since being founded as the capital of a powerful Kurdish principality it has grown to about 800,000 people. It is the cultural centre of the Sorani-speaking Kurds and an important economic centre for Kurdistan During the post-World War I-British occupation of the newly created state of Iraq, Sulaymaniyah was the center of nascent Kurdish nationalism, and it was from here that Shaykh Mahmud Barzanji raised the first rebellion against British occupation in 1919. After his defeat at Bazyan Pass that year, he was exiled for several years, only to return and raise another unsuccessful rebellion centered in Sulaymaniyah in 1923. With Kurdistan's subsequent inclusion in Arab Iraq, Sulaymaniyah enjoyed a few further years of greater autonomy than western Kurdish cities like Irbil and Mosul
In 1925 a mass revolts broke out against British occupation. Winston Churchill argued Ďin favour of using poisoned gas against uncivilised tribesí' but contrary to oft misquoted sources and even recent histories which have been distorted in citation, there is no evidence that it was ever used (see Wikipedia for "British and Poison Gas" for a discussion of sources and inaccuracies).
Since liberation in 1991, it has been administered by Kurdistan authorities and serves as one of the metropolis of Iraqi Kurdistan (KRG). The city is quickly becoming a tourist attraction for Iraqis and other Middle Easterners due to its relative prosperity, security and natural beauty. It is also known for its strong economic ties with Iran.
The University of Sulaymaniyah opened in 1968 with instruction in Kurdish, Arabic, and English. It has faculties in engineering, agriculture, the arts, science, and medicine. The University was moved during the 1980ís to Arbil, and is now known as the University of Salahadin.
A new university called The University of Sulaymaniyah was established in 1991, teaching in Kurdish, Arabic and English.
In 2007 the American University of Iraq, teaching in English only, was inaugurated in Sulaymaniyah, with 50 students enrolled for the first year
Kurdish culture in Sulaimaniya
Sulaimaniya is considered as the center of the Sorani Kurdish culture in Kurdistan. Development of Sorani as a modern literary language started in this city around early 19th century.
The Sulaimaniyah International Airport is situated at the western part of the city. The airport was opened on July 21, 2006.
Sulaymaniya was twinned with Tucson, Arizona until December 2006.
∑ 35į33′N 45į26′E / 35.55, 45.433
∑ Location above sea level: 2895 feet (Britannica 1911).
∑ Current population: estimated at over 500,000.
∑ Historical population: about 12,000 (1906 estimate, Britannica 1911)